Landscape and memory: what does it mean in Russian historical and cultural context? Russian history in XXth century was a permanent crime. And the state did all its best to make the traces of that crime to disappear. In the vast wilderness of Russia where Gulag mass graves are scattered only the landscape can be the witness and the mark of memory. But in the same time the landscape – or, broadly, the nature, – is the first enemy of the memory.
Key words: memory landscape, traces, WW2, Gulag, Russia, testimony.