Les attentats du 11 septembre 2001 et du 13 novembre 2015 en bande dessinée : l’expression d’une mémoire traumatique ?
The attacks of September 11, 2001 in New York and of November 13, 2015 in Paris gave rise to graphic memoirs, which express a personal memory of the attacks. They are atypical on the substance and form, generally brief and often include photographs, and various documents which attest to the truth of the facts. The testimonies focus on the attacks and tell how the protagonists faced the events. Most of them show a traumatic experience and are not didactic. These graphic memoirs are works of individual memory that enrich the collective memory of the attacks.
Key words: memory, historical graphic memoir, graphic novel, attacks, posstraumatic stress disorder, photography.