Quel mémorial après un attentat de masse ? Trois capitales européennes face au même défi mémoriel
Since the terrorist attacks of January and November 2015, Paris is facing the same memory challenge as other European capital cities before her, consisting in knowing how to create a memorial to publicly mark the memory of mass attacks perpetrated by Islamists. To date, only a single commemorative tree has been planted in the Place de la République in memory of those killed in these attacks. Will this memorialization a minima be sufficient in the longer term? Might it not be necessary, in the near future, to build a new, monumental, memorial elsewhere? And if so, where? In order to shed light on these questions, this article proposes a detour through Madrid and London following the path of the memorials created in these cities in remembrance of the terrorist attacks of 11 March 2004 and 7 July 2005.
Key words: terror attacks, Paris, London, Madrid, memorial, commemorative tree, commemorative monument.