Quels destins pour les images prises par les criminels ?

> Par Sánchez-Biosca, Vicente
   Université de Valencia, Espagne
> Paru le : 29.04.2020

According to Marianne Hirsch’s definition, “perpetrator images” are photographic, cinematographic, or other types of images made by those who commit criminal acts. In a sense, then, they may be considered as elements of the apparatus of destruction since they incarnate the gaze of executioners or their accomplices before, during, or after carrying out the crime. The fact of disseminating them, even if within a restricted framework, confirms the arrogance of the authors (of the images, the actions, or both) regarding their deed. However, once they become public, these documents are presented to the gaze of historians and a memorial reappropriation is possible.

Key words: apparatus of destruction, gaze of executioners, Hirsch, image, perpetrator, photography, cinema.

BIBLIOGRAPHIE

Baer, Ulrich, 2002, Spectral Evidence. The Photography of Trauma, Cambridge, MIT Press.

Benzaquen-Gautier, Sophie, Porée, Anne-Laure & Sánchez-Biosca, Vicente, 2018, « Cambodge. Tuol Sleng ou l’histoire du génocide en chantier », Mémoires en jeu, n° 6, mars, p. 45-110.

Brink, Joram Ten & Openheimer, Joshua (dir.), 2012, Killer Images. Documentary Film, Memory and the Performance of Violence, New York, Wallflower.

Caswell, Michelle, 2014, Archiving the Unspeakable: Silence, Memory, and the Photographic Record in Cambodia, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press.

Hirsch, Marianne, 2012, The Generation of Postmemory: Writing and Visual Culture After the Holocaust, New York, Columbia University Press.

Lindeperg, Sylvie, 2013, La Voie des images. Quatre histoires de tournage au printemps-été 1944, Paris, Verdier.

Sontag, Susan, 2004, « Regarding the Torture of Others », NYT Magazine, 23 mai.

Struk, Janina, 2004, Photographing the Holocaust. Interpretations of the Evidence, Londres & New York, I.B. Tauris.

Struk, Janina, 2010, Private Pictures. Soldiers Inside View of War, I.B. Tauris.

Zelizer, Barbie, 1998, Remembering to Forget. Holocaust Memory Through the Camera’s Eye, Chicago & Londres, the University of Chicago Press