Filmer le retour sur les lieux de la Shoah

> Par Bechtel, Delphine
   Eur'Orbem/Paris IV
> Paru le : 29.11.2017

FILMING RETURN TO THE SITES OF THE HOLOCAUST

Documentary films about return to the places of the Holocaust, persecution and survival belong to manifestations of dark tourism. The film director and the main protagonist (a survivor and/or his descendants) return to Poland or Ukraine seeking to retrace the enigma of the death of family members, or of their own rescue or that of relatives. The quest often becomes a road movie, a criminal inquiry, and even a thriller where the protagonist interviews local witnesses and tries to reconstruct the complex relationships between the Jews and their neighbors during the Holocaust, including betrayal, rescue, and sometimes murder. He is confronted with the void and the absence of traces of history, finding only inadvertently places and objects (tombstones, former synagogues, places of life and death, houses appropriated by neighbors). In these documentaries which run from 1979 to 2015 and in which the personality of the survivor plays a major role, one confronts the spatial dimension of traumatic memory and the complex imbrication of the effects of time passing, obfuscation and glimpses of human tragedy and courage.

Key words : film, documentary, Holocaust , rescue, Jews, Poland, Ukraine, dark tourism, memory.

BIBLIOGRAPHIE

Alterman, Aline, 2006, Visages : Shoah, le film de Claude Lanzmann, Paris, Cerf.

Besson, Rémy, 2012, La Mise en récit de Shoah, thèse sous la direction de Christian Delage, Paris, EHESS.

Blejwas, Stanislaus, “Shtetl – In Retrospect”, American Association for Polish Jewish Studies, 1997, http://aapjstudies.org/manager/external/ckfinder/userfiles/files/Blejwas.pdf

Buchwald, Eve, 2017, entretien avec l’auteur.

Grynberg, Henryk, 1993, Dziedzictwo, Londres, Aneks.

Insdorf, Annette, 2003, Indelible Shadows: Film and the Holocaust [1983], 3e éd., Cambridge University Press.

Kerner, Aaron, 2011, Film and the Holocaust, New York, Continuum.

King, Susan, “Saul Rubinek: Unforgotten”, Los Angeles Times, 25 Avril 1993. http://articles.latimes.com/1993-04-25/news/tv-26893_1_saulrubinek

Kleinberger, Alain, et Mesnard, Philippe (dir.), 2013, La Shoah : Théâtre et cinéma aux limites de la représentation, Paris, Kim..

Leoni-Zopperfin, Eliezer (dir.), 1957, Kovel : sefer edut ve-zikaron, Tel-Aviv, http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/kovel1/kov483.html#Page487

Łoziński, Paweł, 1992, interview reproduite sur http://ninateka.pl/artykul/miejsce-urodzenia-pawel-lozinski

Marzynski, Marian, 1996a, “Questions for Filmmaker Marian Marzynski”

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shtetl/reactions/filmmakerques.html

Marzynski, Marian, 1996b, script complet du film sur http://www.logtv.com/films/shtetl/scriptmenu.html

Michlic, Joanna, « Birthplace », interview de Henryk Grynberg par Joanna Michlic, Museum of Jewish Heritage, 12 mai 2010,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7OOXN0HYHnQ

Morley, Peter, A life rewound, RTS, 2006, chapitre 27.

http://static.bafta.org/files/peter-morley-a-life-rewound-part-4-194.pdf

Redlich, Shimon, 2002, Together and Apart in Brzezany: Poles, Jews, and Ukrainians 1919-1945, Bloomington, Indiana University Press.

Redlich, Shimon, entretiens avec l’auteur, avril 2016 et février 2017.